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UN HRC Membership Elections: Joint Letter on the Cooperation with Special Procedures and the Acts of Reprisals

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To: Member States candidates to the UN Human Rights Council

Cc: Member States of the UN General Assembly

Open Letter to candidates to the Human Rights Council


We are a diverse group of nongovernmental organisations from all parts of the world who have contributed to the Human Rights Council (the Council) and its work since its establishment. We write to you regarding your candidacies for membership of the Council.

In establishing the Council in 2006, the General Assembly provided that Council members “shall uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights” and “fully cooperate with the Council” (GA Resolution 60/251).

We are concerned about the failure of some candidates to comply with these criteria. Non-compliance by Council members undermines the credibility of the Council as a body that promotes and protects human rights and its authority to call for cooperation with its mechanisms. We call on candidates to ensure that they hold to these criteria, particularly in respect of the two areas below.

Cooperation with Special Procedures

As candidates, it is especially incumbent on you to set an example by cooperating fully with the Council’s human rights mechanisms, in particular by ensuring that you do the following:

  • Issue effective standing invitations to Special Procedures. This requires responding promptly to all requests for visits by providing one or more sets of specific possible dates within two months, and facilitating such visits in accordance with the Terms of Reference on Fact-finding Missions by Special Procedures. Candidates should also Support the creation of a monitoring system to ensure that standing invitations are effectively implemented;
  • Act responsibly and respectfully in relations with Special Procedures and refrain from all attempts, by word or action, to interfere with the independence of mandate holders or to otherwise undermine their work;
  • Regularly provide information to the Special Procedures and to the Human Rights Council on how the recommendations arising from country visits have been implemented, and any obstacles to implementation;
  • Respond in a substantive way to urgent appeals and to letters of allegations by Special Procedures within an appropriate timeframe, taking into account the urgency of the communication; and
  • Support the creation of a mechanism to review and assess, on an annual basis, the degree of cooperation with the Council and the Special Procedures, both of Council members and candidates for Council membership.


We are also gravely concerned about acts of reprisals against individuals and groups seeking to cooperate with the UN human rights systems, including the Council. These reprisals against individuals and/or groups engaging directly with the UN, or otherwise providing information on particular countries’ human rights situations, take the form of smear campaigns, harassment, intimidation, direct threats, physical attacks and killings.

As the Council depends heavily on the free and safe cooperation of human rights defenders for its effective functioning, it has a concomitant duty to prevent and immediately respond to threats and reprisals that endanger defenders’ lives. While the recent panel at the Council and the latest Secretary-General report (A/HRC/21/18) are positive steps, ending reprisals requires more action, political will and creative responses by all stakeholders. In an effort to safeguard the vital collaboration between human rights defenders and the UN rights mechanisms, candidates should:

  • Take positive steps to facilitate human rights defenders’ safe and unimpeded access to the UN human rights mechanisms;
  • Take all necessary measures to prevent reprisals against human right defenders and take appropriate action to provide remedies for reprisals. Inform the Council through its President and on an ongoing basis of steps taken to protect individuals mentioned in the Secretary-General’s report on reprisals and to provide remedies and reparations;
  • Support the recent initiative by the President of the Council to call on States to immediately put an end to intimidation and harassment of individuals and groups;
  • Commit to and call for enhanced monitoring and action by the Council. Consider the development of an online and regularly updated registry of allegations of intimidation and reprisals, as proposed by several of the panellists during the Council’s panel on reprisals;
  • Maintain pressure on States that commit or tolerate reprisals. Use bilateral and multilateral dialogue to raise cases of reprisals as documented in the Secretary-General’s report and discuss follow-up; and
  • Prioritise protection for human rights defenders including those who cooperate with the UN, through missions in Geneva and embassies around the world. This should be done in close coordination with all stakeholders involved in protecting human rights defenders, including the UN, regional and national actors.

Yours sincerely,

Article 19 Eastern Africa
Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA)
Associação Brasileira de Lésbicas, Gays, Bissexuais, Travestis e Transexuais (ABGLT)
Associação Brasileira Interdisciplinar de AIDS (ABIA)
Bytes for All, Pakistan
Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS)
Committee to Protect Journalists
Commonwealth Human Rights Initiatives (CHRI)
Conectas Direitos Humanos
East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project (EHAHRDP)
Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights
Endorois Welfare Council (Kenya)
Freedom House
Gabinete de Assessoria Jurídica às Organizações Populares (GAJOP)
Gay Kenya Trust
Human Rights Now, Japan
Human Rights Watch (HRW)
Instituto Brasileiro de Análises Sociais e Econômicas (Ibase)
Instituto de Desenvolvimento e Direitos Humanos (IDDH)
International Service for Human Rights (ISHR)
Kenya Human Rights Commission
Korean House for International Solidarity, Republic of Korea
Media Legal Defence Initiative
MINBYUN-Lawyers for a Democratic Society, Republic of Korea
National Coalition of Human Rights Defenders of Kenya
People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy, Republic of Korea
Persons Marginalized and Aggrieved (PEMA Kenya)
South Asia Partnership, Pakistan
Teso Peace and Human Rights Development Initiative (TEPEHURDI)
The African Centre for Democracy and Human Rights Studies (ACDHRS)
The Kenyan Section of the International Commission of Jurists (ICJ Kenya)
Ushuhuda Project
West African Human Rights Defenders Network (ROADDH/WAHRDN)
Writers in Prison Committee of PEN International
3IN – InclusĂŁo, Integridade, IndependĂŞncia

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