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The Maldives: Ensure safety of human rights defenders amid recent accusations of blasphemy against Maldivian Democracy Network

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(Bangkok, 8 October 2019) – The Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASA), together with undersigned civil society organisations, condemns the persecution of its member, the Maldivian Democracy Network (MDN), and expresses great concern about what potential consequences the recent accusations of blasphemy could have for the staff and members of MDN. Rather than fanning the flames of intolerance by calling for an emergency motion against MDN, authorities should call for calm and ensure the safety of all human rights defenders in the country.

We call on the Government of the Maldives to immediately take action against all those who harass, spread hate and incite violence. We understand that a police investigation has commenced against MDN and call on the Maldives Police Service to take legal action against those who incite violence and hate.

On Thursday, 3 October 2019, the Islamic Ministry ordered a police investigation into MDN for a report issued in 2015, which addresses the spread of narratives promoting violent extremism, including messages within school textbooks. The Ministry accuses that the report: mocks Islam, as well as Prophet Mohammad; includes content that goes against the tenets of Islam, and potentially disrupts the religious unity of the Maldives. The Maldivian Constitution prohibits expression and opinion that contradict tenets of Islam, while the Penal Code criminalises blasphemy.

The current attack on MDN comes within the context of a history of vilification and harassment of those trying to counter violent extremism in the Maldives, including past attacks on MDN and its staff for legitimate human rights work. The accusations of blasphemy further the harassment of MDN that has been ongoing since 2014, and adds voices to it, including from the current opposition, various ruling party lawmakers, ministers and ruling coalition leaders.  The attacks also triggered a social media storm of hate, calling for a ban of MDN and inciting violence against its staff and those associated with the organisation. MDN has since removed the report and issued an apology for language used that may have possibly offended public sensitivities. Similar smear campaigns – labelling individuals as anti-Islamic – have been previously carried out against human rights defenders, writers and religious scholars.

Death threats and hateful rhetoric against MDN and its staff on social media are particularly worrying in the Maldives given that such incitement has had fatal consequences in the past, including the murder of human rights defender Yameen Rasheed following accusation of criticism of Islam. Given recent revelations that journalist Ahmed Rilwan, who disappeared in 2014, was likely killed by local extremist groups, such threats need to be taken very seriously and all measures should be taken to ensure the safety of all MDN staff and those related to the organisation. The existing culture of impunity should be addressed. The perpetrators should be dealt with under existing law.

The Government should embrace international human rights standards and guarantee a safe and enabling environment for human rights defenders to be able to do their work to the benefit of all Maldivians, and must condemn and take action against those instigating hatred and violence against human rights defenders in the country.

MDN is a non-partisan NGO which aims to promote human rights and the values and principles of democracy in the Maldives, and undertakes a wide range of activities, including awareness raising, monitoring, reporting, lobbying and advocacy in the entire country. It is based in the capital, Male. FORUM-ASIA and its members stand in solidarity with MDN and its staff.


Endorsed by:

  1. Ain o Salish Kendra (ASK), Bangladesh,
  2. Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA),
  3. Asia Resource Foundation (ARF), Thailand,
  4. Association for Law, Human Rights and Justice (HAK), Timor-Leste,
  5. Association of Women for Awareness and Motivation (AWAM), Pakistan,
  6. Awaz Foundation Pakistan – Centre for Development Services, Pakistan,
  7. Balay Alternative Legal Advocates for Development in Mindanaw (Balaod Mindanaw), the Philippines,
  8. Banglar Manabadhikar Suraksha Mancha (MASUM), India,
  9. Bytes for All, Pakistan,
  10. Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (ADHOC), Cambodia,
  11. FORUM-ASIA member in Afghanistan (name withheld for security reasons),
  12. Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS), Indonesia,
  13. Community Resource Centre (CRC), Thailand,
  14. Center for Human Rights and Development (CHRD), Mongolia,
  15. Centre for the Sustainable Use of Natural and Social Resources (CSNR), India,
  16. Community Self-Reliance Centre (CSRC), Nepal,
  17. Covenants Watch, Taiwan,
  18. Dignity – Kadyr-kassiyet (KK), Kazakhstan,
  19. Human Rights Alert (HRA), India,
  20. Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, Pakistan,
  21. Human Rights Defenders Alert (HRDA), India,
  22. Human Rights Movement Bir Duino, Kyrgyzstan,
  23. INFORM Human Rights Documentation Centre, Sri Lanka,
  24. Karapatan, the Philippines,
  25. Kazakhstan International Bureau for Human Rights and Rule of Law (KIBHR), Kazakhstan,
  26. Korean House for International Solidarity (KHIS), South Korea,
  27. Law and Society Trust (LST), Sri Lanka,
  28. Madaripur Legal Aid Association (MLAA), Bangladesh,
  29. MONFEMNET National Network, Mongolia,
  30. National Commission for Justice and Peace (NCJP), Pakistan,
  31. Odhikar, Bangladesh,
  32. People’s Empowerment Foundation (PEF), Thailand,
  33. People’s Solidarity for Participatory Democracy (PSPD), South Korea,
  34. People’s Vigilance Committee on Human Rights (PVCHR), India,
  35. People’s Watch, India,
  36. Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA), the Philippines,
  37. Programme Against Custodial Torture & Impunity (PACTI), India,
  38. Purple Action for Indigenous Women’s Rights (LILAK), the Philippines,
  39. Progressive Voice, Thailand,
  40. Rights Now Collective for Democracy (RN), Sri Lanka,
  41. Pusat KOMAS, Malaysia,
  42. Quill Foundation, India,
  43. Refugee and Migratory Movements Research Unit (RMMU), Bangladesh,
  44. Right to Life Human Rights Centre (R2L), Sri Lanka,
  45. Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM), Malaysia,
  46. Taiwan Association for Human Rights (TAHR), Taiwan,
  47. Think Centre, Singapore.


For a PDF version of this statement, please click here.

For more information, please contact:

– South Asia Programme, FORUM-ASIA, [email protected]