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Indonesia: Safeguard Democracy through Peaceful and Dignified Presidential Elections

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This joint statement by 19 Indonesian civil society organisations on the 2014 Indonesian Presidential Election is the outcome of the Indonesia National Workshop on Human Rights and Elections, organised by FORUM-ASIA, together with the Asian Network for Free Elections (ANFREL), the Southeast Asian Press Alliance (SEAPA), and Imparsial, in Jakarta on 25-26 June 2014. English translation is provided below the original.

Safeguard democracy through peaceful and dignified presidential elections

(Jakarta, 2 July 2014) – In connection with the Indonesian 2014 general election, we, the representatives from Indonesian civil society groups concerned with elections, human rights, and freedom of expression, and journalists, having discussed and assessed issues regarding the previous 2014 legislative elections on human rights enforcement as well as the media independence in covering the forthcoming presidential election campaign. Based on our experiences during the 2014 election process, we would like to express our concern and make the following appeals:

First, that all stakeholders of the 2014 presidential election should show political responsibility for the process so that the results of the Presidential Election 2014 are intelligently and rationally reflect the people’s choice and held in accordance with the standards of free and fair democratic elections. Therefore, both organizers and law enforcement officials must take concrete steps and firm action against any breaches and irregularities in the implementation of the 2014 presidential election, such as: smear campaigns, hate speech, money politics, manipulation, human rights abuses, intimidation, violence , environmental destruction, and political discrimination. In addition, strict action must address the organizers and security officials who are not neutral and professional, as well as those who practice fictitious voters, and the like.

Secondly, the election organizer and law enforcement officials must be active and responsive to anticipate situations of potential conflict between the supporters of both camps during the campaign period. This situation is a result of the political fragmentation as more members of society have emotionally identified themselves with each faction of presidential candidates. The role of the clergy/religious leaders and governments in each district/city is therefore very important to conduct a peaceful election.

Third, the Indonesian Election Commission (KPU) should immediately conduct a careful evaluation of whether procurement and distribution of logistics to conduct the presidential election are correct in term of its number and quality, and are delivered timely to the right locations. Regarding the procurement and distribution of ballot papers, in particular, the KPU must ensure not to repeat instances of wrong deliveries of ballots, as well as the massive numbers of ballots that have been pre-marked for legislative elections. Indonesian Election Supervisory Body (Bawaslu) should immediately respond to any indications of the wrong ballot delivery that can cause errors balloting numbers in local polling stations.

Fourth, we call for the neutrality of public and security officials. Indications of non-neutral bureaucrats as well as a number of security personnel have been seen in various areas, where many regional heads and deputies, as well as the members of village non-commissioned officer (Babinsa) openly support each candidate camps in several areas. We also worry about the potential politicization and intimidation of civil servants and security actors. The Bawaslu should maximize its role and function to prevent such deviations.

Fifth, indications of administrative error or political fraud in the vote count will certainly increase the potential vulnerability into turmoil protest. Bawaslu must oversee and supervise the delivery of ballot boxes from the polling station level up to the national level.

Sixth, we urge the public and civil society organizations to play an active role in monitoring and guarding the course of the election process by reporting all forms of fraud, intimidation, violence, and other anomalies.

Seventh, the press, as one of the pillars of democracy and in order to function properly, it must contribute to a dignified democratic process. For that reason, the press must carry out their duties in a professional manner and with full responsibility for maintaining freedom of the press.

Eighth, the press must always maintain its independence and professionalism, including in the 2014 Presidential Election. The press should not be used as a propaganda tool for personal or group interests to favor certain candidates. In short, the press should not be tendentious and unbalanced.

Ninth, we reject all forms of intervention on the press by anyone, including the owners, media leaders, or rulers.

Tenth, we strongly criticize a number of the owners of certain broadcast media, especially television, who utilize the media as a tool to blindly support certain presidential and vice presidential candidates.

Eleventh, we urge the press and media that in carrying out their duties to prioritise to accuracy, quality, and validity of information conveyed, rather the speed of news delivery to the public

Twelfth, we call for volunteers, sympathizers, or the campaign teams of the president and vice president candidates using social media to convey information more wisely and ethically, as well as not to engage in smear campaigns, hoax stories or hate speech.

Thirteenth, we urge the KPU to ensure that all stages of the presidential election take place in open areas, accessible particularly to voters with disabilities; minority voters from local religious groups and indigenous communities customary law; LGBT voters; and elderly voters. Every stage of the electoral process must reduce or even eliminate legal, information, physical, and mental Barriers for vulnerable and minority voters. In addition, we insist Bawaslu to closely monitor the elections and ensure that the rights of the above minority groups are not violated, and if there is a violation, then the Bawaslu must establish strict punishment to any violators.

Fourteenth, the value of human rights is a fundamental right of every citizen that must be protected absolutely. To that end, we urge all parties concerned with the presidential election to ensure the continuity of the current democracy by promoting politics that are polite, friendly environment, and uphold the values of human rights.

Fifteenth, encouraging the KPU, the police and the Human Rights Commission immediately undertake preventive measures over various possible acts of violence or social conflict that may lead to human rights abuses after the presidential election, as well as follow up on the findings of violations committed during the last legislative election.

Sixteenth, we urge all parties not to forget the resolution of cases of human rights violations in the past, which have become to be part of the democratic struggle since the fall of the authoritarian New Order regime. Various human rights violations in the past should be a lesson and the basis of political considerations for the democratic development and future of Indonesia.

Selamatkan Demokrasi dengan Pemilu 2014 yang Damai dan Bermartabat

Sehubungan dengan pelaksanaan Pemilihan Umum Presiden dan Wakil Presiden 2014 (Pilpres 2014) yang tinggal menghitung hari, kami sejumlah elemen masyarakat yang terdiri atas para penggiat pemilu, penggiat Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM), penggiat kebebasan berekspresi dan para jurnalis telah berkumpul, berdiskusi serta mengkaji bersama berbagai dinamika pelaksanaan Pemilu legislatif 2014 yang sudah dilakukan, penegakan HAM dalam pemilu 2014 secara umum serta independensi media dalam kampanye Pilpres 2014. Mensikapi situasi-situasi yang ada dalam proses pemilu 2014 tersebut kami menganggap perlu menyatakan sikap dan seruan sebagai berikut:Pertama, bahwa segenap pemangku kepentingan terkait pelaksanaan Pilpres 2014 harus menunjukan tanggung jawab politik agar proses dan hasil Pilpres Tahun 2014 ditentukan oleh pilihan rakyat secara cerdas dan rasional dan terselenggara sesuai dengan standar pemilu yang demokratik (free and fair election). Oleh karena itu baik penyelenggara dan aparat penegak hukum harus melakukan langkah-langkah kongkret dan menindak tegas segala bentuk pelanggaran dan penyimpangan dalam proses pelaksanaan Pilpres 2014, seperti: kampanye kotor, pidato penyebar kebencian, politik uang, manipulasi, pelanggaran hak asasi manusia, intimidasi, kekerasan, perusakan lingkungan, diskriminasi politik, petugas penyelenggara serta aktor keamanan yang tidak netral dan professional, kasus pemilih fiktif, dan lain-lain.Kedua, melihat bahwa potensi konflik terbuka antar massa pendukung kedua kubu capres dan cawapres pada saat kampanye rapat umum sangat besar dikarenakan ada fragmentasi politik masyarakat yang sudah mengidentifikasikan diri secara emosional dengan masing – masing kubu capres dan cawapres. Dalam kondisi tensi politik tinggi ini fragmentasi masyarakat mudah terpicu menjadi konflik sosial. Untuk itu, penyelenggara pemilu dan aparat penegak hukum harus mengantisipasi situasi tersebut secara aktif dan responsif. Peran ulamah/tokoh agama dan pemerintah disetiap kabupaten/kota menjadi sangat penting untuk melakukan sosialisasi pemilu damai.Ketiga, KPU RI harus segera melakukan evaluasi cermat apakah pengadaan dan distribusi logistik untuk Pilpres dapat berjalan tepat jumlah, tepat kualitas, tepat waktu dan tepat lokasi. Khususnya pengadaan dan distribusi surat suara, jangan sampai kasus surat suara tertukar dan tercoblos secara massif seperti di pelaksanaan pemilu legislatif 2014 terulang kembali. Bawaslu RI harus mengantisipasi dengan mendeteksi secara dini jika terjadi indikasi-indikasi surat suara yang salah kirim, sehingga dapat menimbulkan kelebihan dan kekurangan surat suara di suatu daerah.Keempat, menghimbau agar aparat birokrasi dan aktor keamanan bersikap netral. Indikasi bahwa birokrasi serta aktor keamanan yang tidak netral terlihat di berbagai daerah, dimana banyak kepala daerah dan wakil kepala daerah mendukung terang-terangan kubu kandidat capres dan cawapres masing-masing, hingga dugaan ketidak netralan aktor keamanan oleh anggota Babinsa TNI disejumlah daerah. Dikhawatirkan adanya potensi politisasi PNS-PNS dan aktor kemananan, intimidasi dll. Bawaslu RI beserta jajarannya harus memaksimalkan peran dan fungsinya sebagai pencegahan dini penyimpangan-penyimpangan tersebut.

Kelima, kesalahan administratif atau indikasi kecurangan politik dalam rekapitulasi penghitungan perolehan suara dipastikan akan meningkatkan kerawanan potensial menjadi gejolak protes. Bawaslu RI wajib mengawal dan mengawasi perjalanan kotak suara dari tingkat TPS hingga tingkat nasonal.

Keenam, meminta peran aktif masyarakat dan organisasi-organisasi masyarakat sipil dalam melakukan monitoring/pemantauan dan mengawal jalannya proses pilpres dengan melaporkan segala bentuk kecurangan, intimidasi, kekerasan, dan lain-lain.

Ketujuh, pers adalah salah satu pilar demokrasi. Jika pers berfungsi dengan baik maka akan tercipta proses demokrasi yang bermartabat. Untuk itulah maka pers harus menjalankan tugasnya secara profesional dan menjaga kebebasan pers yang sudah didapatkan dengan penuh tanggung jawab.

Kedelapan, pers senantiasa harus menjaga independensi dan profesionalitasnya, juga dalam masa Pilpres 2014 ini. Pers dan produk karyanya tidak boleh dijadikan alat propaganda untuk kepentingan pribadi, kelompok ataupun sekedar untuk kepentingan pemenangan capres dan cawapres tertentu secara tidak berimbang dan tendensius.

Kesembilan, menolak segala bentuk intervensi atas independensi pers dari siapapun baik oleh pemilik, pimpinan media, maupun penguasa.

Kesepuluh, mengecam keras kepada sejumlah pemilik ataupun pimpinan media penyiaran, terutama televisi, yang memanfaatkan medianya sebagai alat untuk mendukung secara membabi-buta kepada para capres dan cawapres.

Kesebelas, dalam menjalankan profesinya, pers dan media diminta untuk lebih mengutamakan akurasi, kualitas dan vadilitas informasi yang disampaikan, ketimbang sekedar kecepatan penyampaian berita kepada publik

Keduabelas, bagi pengguna, relawan, simpatisan ataupun tim pemenangan capres dan cawapres yang menggunakan media sosial / Internet untuk kampanye, diharapkan dapat menyampaikan informasi secara lebih bijak dan beretika, semisal dengan tidak melakukan kampanye kotor, penyampaian berita bohong ataupun penyebaran kebencian.

Ketigabelas, menuntut penyelenggara pemilu dalam hal ini KPU untuk memastikan seluruh tahapan pemilihan presiden berlangsung terbuka dan aksesibel bagi pemilih rentan seperti Pemilih Difabel dengan ragam jenis disabilitasnya; Pemilih Minoritas, seperti kelompok penghayat dan penganut kepercayaan/aliran dan masyarakat hukum adat; Pemilih LGBT; dan Pemilih lanjut usia. Setiap tahapan pemilihan tersebut Penyelenggara Pemilu harus benar-benar mengurangi atau bahkan menghilangkan Hambatan Legal, Hambatan Informasi, Hambatan Fisik, dan Hambatan Mental bagi pemilih rentan dan minoritas di atas. Selain itu, menuntut pula kepada Bawaslu agar mengawasi secara ketat pelaksanaan pemilu dan memastikan hak kelompok minoritas di atas tidak terlanggar dan apabila terjadi pelanggaran maka Bawaslu harus menetapkan sanksi tegas kepada setiap pelanggarnya.

Keempatbelas, nilai-nilai Hak Asasi Manusia adalah hak dasar bagi setiap warga negara yang wajib dilindungi secara mutlak. Untuk itu meminta semua pihak terkait untuk menjalankan dan menjaga keberlangsungan pesta demokrasi kali ini dengan mengedepankan cara-cara berpolitik yang santun, ramah lingkungan, serta menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai Hak Asasi Manusia.

Kelimabelas, medesak penyelenggara pemilu, aparat kepolisian dan Komnas HAM segera melakukan langkah-langkah preventif atas berbagai kemungkinan tindakan kekerasan, konflik sosial hingga tindakan yang mengarah pada pelanggaran HAM pasca Pilpres. Serta menindak lanjuti berbagai temuan kekerasan dan pelanggaran HAM selama masa Pileg lalu.

Keenambelas, meminta semua pihak untuk tidak melupakan penyelesaian berbagai kasus pelanggaran HAM di masa lalu yang menjadi bagian dari proses perjuangan penegakan demokrasi sejak runtuhnya kekuasaan rejim otoriter Orde Baru. Pelbagai pelanggaran HAM di masa lalu harus menjadi pelajaran sekaligus dasar pertimbangan politik pembangunan demokrasi saat ini dan ke depan bagi bangsa Indonesia.

Jakarta, 2 Juli 2014

Komite Bersama Peduli Pemilu:

Perludem (Society for Elections and Democracy)

KIPP (Independent Election Monitoring Committee) 
JPPR (People’s Voter Education Network) 
IJTI (Indonesian Television Journalists Association) 
AJI Papua 
KPI (Indonesian Women’s Coalition for Justice and Democracy) 
ICT Watch Workshop 
APPeK (Advocacy Empowerment and Development Village) – Kupang 
SIGAB (Sasana Integration and Disability Advocacy) – Yogyakarta 
WG 30 – Samarinda 
Institute Mosintuwu – Poso 
Institute Aceh – Banda Aceh 
HRWG (Human Rights Working Groups) 
Arus Pelangi 
The Wahid Institute
Rev. Triyogo (IJTI ) 0811804598
Erwin Maulana (Imparsial) 081 291 422 663—–English Translation